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How To Cook Brown Rice On The Stove

Published by: Maria Kelley • Updated: January 29, 2024 • Checked By: Chef Matty Riedel

The key to a perfect bowl of fluffy brown rice lies in the water-to-rice ratio (brown rice needs almost double the amount of water that white rice does), stir-frying the grains before boiling and letting the grains soak up the water sufficiently. Depending on the variety, cooking brown rice takes 30-45 minutes. Let’s get to my “how to cook brown rice on the stove” easy, how-to guide

I love brown rice—what’s not to love about this nutty, earthy, nutritional grain?

how to cook brown rice on the stove

However, though it’s now a staple in my diet, my early days of learning to cook brown rice saw too many instances of overcooked mush and chalky grains for my liking.

Figuring out the rice-to-water ratio can be tricky, especially for beginners. Still, once you have it down, brown rice is a nutritious, delicious base for chicken fried rice, stir-fries, curries, salads, jambalaya, wraps, and burritos.

If your experience with brown rice has been touch-and-go so far, don’t worry! Here’s everything you need to know about getting that perfectly cooked bowl of brown rice every single time.

How To Cook Brown Rice Perfectly

Cooking brown rice can be straightforward if you know how to treat it right. After much experimentation and failed attempts, I hit upon a foolproof method that involves three steps and three ingredients that come together in one pot on the stovetop.

The great thing about this method is that it works with any variety of brown rice, as long as it isn’t some special quick-cooking or instant type, which means the cooking time will vary.

I also recommend avoiding such varieties because they’re often so highly processed that they’re empty calories when they enter your system.

brown rice

Here’s a step-by-step guide to cooking perfectly fluffy brown rice on the stove.

Gather What You Need

  • Water (two cups for every cup of rice)
  • Brown rice (as many cups as you want; make sure you adjust the water quantity accordingly)
  • Salt to taste
  • A large top-quality saucepan

Cooking Instructions

Bid farewell to mushy, overcooked rice with the following steps:

1. Rinse

Rinsing brown rice before cooking removes all the excess starch coating the rice. However, not washing this away will result in gummy rice that clumps together, so unless you want to cook sticky rice for a particular dessert or dish intentionally, don’t forget to rinse the rice.

I rinse brown rice under the tap, using a fine-mesh strainer to hold the rice and a large bowl underneath. I keep rinsing until the water in the bowl below runs clear.

Alternatively, you could rinse the rice in a huge bowl of water. When I use this method, I do three rinses, removing the starchy water after each rinse and using fresh water for the next one.

To get the rice out of the bowl after the final rinse, pour the whole thing through your fine-mesh strainer so the water is removed and the rice remains.

2. The Right Amount Of Water

For perfectly fluffy rice, you need to nail the rice-to-water ratio. Two cups of water for every cup of rice is a standard rule that usually works unless the packaging specifies otherwise. You can also add a teaspoon of olive oil to the water.

3. Cook The Rice

Once the water has reached a boil, bring the heat down, cover the pot/pan, and let it simmer until the rice has absorbed all the water and is tender, which should take about 45 minutes at most (I advise keeping an eye on your rice throughout the cooking period, though, at least the first few times, to make sure you’ve got the timing right).

Once your rice has hit the desired texture and doneness level, turn off the heat and let the pot sit for about ten minutes before removing the lid. Then, fluff the rice with a fork, and voila! A cup of perfectly cooked brown rice, ready to serve and relish on its own or accompanied by a delicious curry or stew.

brown rice and peas in a bowl

I also use cooked brown rice as an ingredient in various recipes, such as stir-fries and poke bowls, and as a healthy alternative to white rice in recipes that use white rice.

Brown rice is an excellent option even for adding texture to meatballs and burger patties (short-grain brown rice works better for this than long-grain as it’s much stickier and helps your meat hold its shape on the stove, grill, or oven).

If you prefer to use a rice cooker, check out my list of;
The Best Rice Cookers For All Rice Types

How To Cook Brown Rice On Stove: Summing Up

Brown rice is an excellent addition to any diet, with higher levels of nutrition (since the grain’s outer layer is intact) and a beautifully strong, nutty flavour that pairs perfectly with punchy accompaniments such as soy sauce, ginger, fish, etc.

Cooking brown rice isn’t that hard and majorly comes down to nailing the rice-to-water ratio. Finding what works best for your palette may take some practice and experimentation, but I guarantee you’ll get hooked once you do!

Happy cooking!

Maria Kelley